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This program is offered at Clark State's Online and Springfield locations.

Broadcast Captioners capture the spoken word on live television programs instantly using state-of-the-art technology, and their work product is visible nationally as the captions scroll across the television screen. The realtime reporter who provides this service may be working in the office of a captioning company or from a broadcast studio that is set up in his/her home.

CART (Communication Access Realtime Translation) reporters provide instantaneous text of the spoken word displayed on a computer screen or large projection screen referred to as realtime translation. CART is classified as an assistive technology and is considered a reasonable accommodation under the Americans with Disabilities Act. It is a service provided in the academic setting for students with hearing impairment as well as in public settings such as conventions, churches, corporate meetings, funerals, police interrogations, etc. This specialty also requires realtime writing as described above as well as training in deaf culture so that the student understands and is sensitive to the needs of the consumer.

An associate's degree in Broadcast Captioning/CART can be earned completely online or in a hybrid classroom setting at Clark State’s downtown campus in Springfield or the Greene Center campus in Beavercreek.

This very demanding profession mandates that the Clark State Realtime Reporting student be trained to write realtime on a computerized writer that is cabled to a laptop computer.  This allows the student to practice accurate writing techniques from the beginning of his/her college career, resulting in the speed and accuracy required for this specialty.  Students' writing skills are perfected by utilizing a realtime learning practice and testing web environment along with a multitude of additional specialized drills, and students have access to a mock broadcast captioning studio.  All Realtime Court Reporting students are required to purchase a computerized writer, laptop computer, and CaseCATalyst student version software.  Students should consult with their academic advisor to obtain information regarding the required equipment.

Students are able to follow the curriculum of the Realtime Court Reporting program through the first year before deciding whether they will select Judicial Court Reporting or Broadcast Captioning/CART as their career goal.  All Realtime Court Reporting students may also elect to follow both tracks, graduating with a degree in both options.

Learning Outcomes
Upon completion of an Associate of Applied Business degree majoring in Realtime Court Reporting with an option in Broadcast Captioning/CART, a graduate will be able to:

  • Write a realtime translation theory.
  • Transcribe three five-minute, 180 wpm literary takes with 1.4 syllabic density at 96 percent accuracy.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of and the ability to perform the basic setup and maintenance of captioning equipment.
  • Prepare captioned translation of one hour of captioning services.
  • Perform 40 verified hours of actual writing within a captioning environment and summarize the experience in a written narrative.
  • Paraphrase and accurately finger spell in realtime using the phonetic translator.
  • Build and maintain realtime dictionaries.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the CART Provider's Manual and the Guidelines for Professional Practice.
  • Demonstrate ability to connect a computer laptop to current technology and set up equipment for maximum benefit of CART recipients.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the role of sign language interpreters and oral interpreters.
  • Prepare a realtime translation of one hour of CART services.
  • Perform 40 verified hours of actual writing within a CART environment and summarize the experience in a written narrative.

Scholastic Preparation
Prospective students should be dependable, flexible, innovative, organized, professional, punctual, trustworthy, disciplined, and able to work under pressure. They should possess above-average language skills.

Students with little or no computer background should enroll in ITS 0800 as a preparatory course before taking other computer courses. Students without adequate keyboarding skills should enroll in ITS 0810.

Entering students must be high school graduates or possess a certificate of general education (GED).

Graduation Requirements
The Broadcast Captioning/CART Option program is approved by the National Court Reporters Association. This association's requirements are met or exceeded with the following standards:

  • Prepare an acceptable realtime translation of two 30-minute segments of CART services.
  • Submit unedited captioned translations of three 15-minute programs on varied topics.
  • Complete 40 hours of actual writing time in the CART environment with a minimum of 15 hours of research and dictionary preparation.
  • Complete 40 hours of actual writing time in the captioning environment with a minimum of 15 hours of research and dictionary preparation.
  • Pass three five-minute tests with 96 percent accuracy at 180 wpm literary.
  • Pass three five-minute tests with 95 percent accuracy at 200 wpm jury charge.
  • Pass three five-minute tests with 95 percent accuracy at 225 wpm testimony (two-voice).
  • Produce a five-page, first-pass transcript with at least 96 percent accuracy.

Clark State Community College reserves the right to change these standards when determined educationally appropriate.

Humanities/Social Science Electives

A complete listing of philosophy, political science, and sociology electives is available in the College Catalog.

Course Title Credits
RCR 1200 Survey of Realtime Reporting 1
RCR 1201 Realtime Theory 6
RCR 1211 Introduction to Realtime Writing 1
RCR 1225 Vocabulary and Reference Use 1
OAD 1105 Business English 4
ITS 1105 Computer Concepts and Software Applications 3
RCR 1202 Beginning Speed Building 5
RCR 1212 Beginning Realtime Writing 1
RCR 1220 Law and Legal Terminology 2
RCR 1231 Fundamentals of CAT 2
ENG 1111 English I 3
ENG 2211 Business Communication 3
RCR 1203 Intermediate Speed Building 5
RCR 1213 Intermediate Realtime Writing 1
GLG 1129 Survey of Earth Science 3
MST 1105 Medical Terminology 2
MTH 1060 Business Mathematics 3
RCR 2100 Introduction to the Deaf Community 2
RCR 2101 Captioning /CART I 2
RCR 2201 Advanced Speed Building 5
RCR 2211 Advanced Realtime Writing 1
RCR 2245 Realtime Business Practices 3
RCR 2102 Captioning/CART II 1
RCR 2180 Captioning/CART Professional Experience 1
RCR 2202 Terminal Speed Building 5
RCR 2212 Terminal Realtime Writing 1
GEO 2200 World Regional Geography 3
-- PHL, PLS, SOC Elective 3
  Total Credit Hours 73

* RCR 125A-F courses are optional skill-building courses that students may elect to take to increase skill growth.